Fruit tree grafting using whip and tongue technique to ensure contact of the vascular cambium layers

Fruit tree grafting using whip and tongue technique to ensure contact of the vascular cambium layers


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Isnt grafting amazing


I love it. I do grafting and air layering on my citrus trees. Just this morning I noticed one graft I did of an orange branch onto my lime tree has sprouted buds. I'm air layering two branches and also grafting buds onto those so i'll have a lime, lemon, orange tree. It is really fun, but you really have to have patience with it. I've ruined too many grafts checking them too soon.


I’m a citrus scientist! We leave ours wrapped up for three weeks! Then we take off the tape and let them pop, I do thousands a year and we maybe lose 10 out of 1000


username checks out, lol.


I had to google it but indeed it does. For the lazy, it is the chemical equation for photosynthesis.


My lazy, but curious, self thanks you.


No problem my friend, I'm usually way too lazy myself but I had to know what it meant.


Chlorophyll?! More like bore-ophyll!


Citrus scientist sounds made up but your profile checks out. That’s so cool!


On paper technically I’m a “biological scientist III” but citrus scientist makes more sense and sums it up better.


Glad you're not sour about it............ I'll show myself out


Life gave her lemons, and she just rolled with it.


are you level 3 or is it category 3 or are you the third one?


And thank you! I love my job so much.






*woman ;)


So Doc, do you think you can help with the avocado? Also, follow up question about peaches from me if you could.


What’s up with your peaches? I might be able to help!


My peach tree makes a few big peaches and my neighbors peach tree makes a lot of medium peaches. He said I could take a graft of his. Would the method in the video work? When is a good time to do this? Also, his tree often gets this weird brown fungus/mold before he can harvest them all and mine tend to get worms/lava. Neither of us have bothered to treat our trees with pesticides so that is probably an easy fix.


I'm confused... The presidents taught me that peaches come from a can...


Be careful. In some states it's actually illegal, assuming that's an actual deterrence. The reason is, you may be spreading the food that a particular deadly fungus feeds on and spreads. In California for example, you should order budwood from special growers. This wood is usually generically altered to resist it.




The observer effect ruins everything! /s


How is it that checking them too soon will ruin them?


You want the plant to create cells to bridge the two pieces. If you constantly are removing the tin foil and touching the branches, you break the little cell bridges before they get strong enough. Then your graft dies from lack of food


But the real question here is where did he get set of mini scythes?


Mini grim reaper store


time to die i guess


But just a little


A little each day.


Keeps the happiness away


Fun fact: the "little death" is an old euphemism for an orgasm.


La petite mort


Seriously. Although I was unaware of it before today, I'm pretty sure I have a critical need to own a tiny razor sharp scythe.


From Gnomish Grim Reapers


It looks handmade to me. Old piece of sharp metal with some wrapped cord, or something to that effect.


[Death of Rats.](https://discworld.fandom.com/wiki/Death_of_Rats)


The Grim Squeaker.


I research in an immunology lab, but don't know much about botany. Blows my mind that plant immune systems don't reject the grafts (if plants even have "immune systems")


Also blown that the vascularization can happen like this. It's like cutting off a human limb, pluggin in another with tape instead of reconnecting the skin, vasculature, nerves, etc... and then call it a day. Wtf plants


Actually we do similar stuff in people... [Hands sewn into stomachs](https://www.cbc.ca/news/health/texas-doctors-sew-man-s-hand-to-abdomen-to-save-fingers-1.3212997) and other things like that. Although it's not quite the same, it's not too different in theory


That is sooooooooo coooool!


You misspelled horrifying.


I'm always amazed how plants bounce back from gruesome injuries. If this was a human a minor injury like this could get easily infected. Just wipe the knives with a dirty cloth and operate the next tree.


We graft micro grafted tissue cultures onto full grown rootstocks in the greenhouse and the plants are just like “oh this is what we’re doing now, okay.” Plants dgaf it’s wild.


You could almost say it's graftifying


Show the finished product!!!


Usually the result is another tree with the same fruit, but grafting can also be used to create multi fruit trees like this: https://www.pacificgroves.com/multi-grafted-fruit-trees I have a 4 in 1 apple tree in my front yard and it's awesome. They all ripen at different times so we have a steady supply of apples from late August until late October.


Coolest thing I’ve read all day. This is new to me and incredibly interesting


The human centipede of fruit trees.


This is that process to the ectreme: [https://www.cnn.com/2015/08/03/living/tree-40-fruit-sam-van-aken-feat/index.html#:\~:text=Sam%20Van%20Aken-,Stone%20fruits%20are%20fruits%20with%20pits.,%2C%20cherries%2C%20nectarines%20and%20almonds.&text=Sam%20Van%20Aken-,Sam%20Van%20Aken%20created%20the%20Tree%20of%2040%20Fruit%20by,producing%20multiple%20types%20of%20fruit](https://www.cnn.com/2015/08/03/living/tree-40-fruit-sam-van-aken-feat/index.html#:~:text=Sam%20Van%20Aken-,Stone%20fruits%20are%20fruits%20with%20pits.,%2C%20cherries%2C%20nectarines%20and%20almonds.&text=Sam%20Van%20Aken-,Sam%20Van%20Aken%20created%20the%20Tree%20of%2040%20Fruit%20by,producing%20multiple%20types%20of%20fruit).


Your link, but less shitty: https://www.cnn.com/2015/08/03/living/tree-40-fruit-sam-van-aken-feat/index.html


Your link, but even less shitty: [link](https://www.cnn.com/2015/08/03/living/tree-40-fruit-sam-van-aken-feat/index.html)


Your link[,](https://www.cnn.com/2015/08/03/living/tree-40-fruit-sam-van-aken-feat/index.html) but good luck finding it in this shitty sentence...!


That link is even a bit too messy. I think I can do even better ;[)](https://www.cnn.com/2015/08/03/living/tree-40-fruit-sam-van-aken-feat/index.html)


Your link, but good luck seeing or clicking it ...! ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^[.](https://www.cnn.com/2015/08/03/living/tree-40-fruit-sam-van-aken-feat/index.html#:~:text=Sam%20Van%20Aken-,Stone%20fruits%20are%20fruits%20with%20pits.,%2C%20cherries%2C%20nectarines%20and%20almonds.&text=Sam%20Van%20Aken-,Sam%20Van%20Aken%20created%20the%20Tree%20of%2040%20Fruit%20by,producing%20multiple%20types%20of%20fruit)


First pic is a render Third pic is what it actually looks like


Thanks daddy.


I saw how, now someone please explain why


Grafting is used for two reasons: most fruit trees don’t come true to seed (seeds from a McIntosh apple won’t grow into McIntosh trees) and cuttings don’t root easily. Edited to add: Basically - Tasty fruit! Plant seeds and get more tasty fruit? Won't taste the same. Cut off a healthy branch from tasty fruit tree and do what dude in the video does.


That's interesting. Why don't fruit trees come true to seed?


The same reason you are not a clone of your parents. If your dad was the perfect apple you’d have to clone to get more, rather than harvest his children


I read yesterday that the chance of getting an apple worth eating from seed is 1/10,000


I like when we see ugly lemon posts from someone who planted a store bought lemon seed and got those hella bumpy lemons that are 99% skin with a teeny tiny flesh center in there.


I live in an area with lots of citrus and fruit trees, I have delicious tangelos, oranges, and pistachio trees, and one huge tree with some super bitter sour inedible orange/lime looking thing, I've never been able to figure out what it was but now I'm wondering if someone tried to grow from seed. Edit: It looks like a lime, but the flesh inside has an orange tint. The tree also has thorns, none of my other citrus trees have thorns.


possiBly from seed, and also possibly the remainder of a planted fruit tree that had been grafted, but the top died and the rootstock took over. Flying dragon for example is a frequently used rootstock that is Like what you describe - very thorny and poor fruit. Lots of types of rootstocks are used, each with own format. Also lots of citrus have thorns, especially when young.


The inedible one is most likely rootstock that overtook the graft. Most citrus is grafted young at the nursery, look at the base of the trees and you'll notice a ring. If the rootstock sends up a sucker, it can take the nutrients from the graft and quickly become the dominant growth. You might notice a section of the tree still produces good fruit. Rootstock determines how large the tree will grow and can provide immunity to soil pathogens the scion (tasty graft fruit) would succumb to. TLDR: Be sure to trim the suckers off the bottom of your trees or you'll loose the grafted fruit. Edit: you could graft from your good citrus onto that inedible citrus, I think you'd wanna hack it back quite a bit tho, to force growth through the grafts. I'm not an expert, but what do you have to loose messing with an inedible tree!


> looks like a lime, but the flesh inside has an orange tint Could be a Calamansi? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calamansi


Seems likely looking at the description.


They don't turn orange though. They stay green all year long? Also I live in the southwest US. I wonder how that would have gotten there!


If the temperature is warm enough citrus stay green.


Could just be some random offspring of two other citrus varieties.


My lime tree has thorns!


Do you mean [citron](https://www.flickonfood.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/cedro1.jpg)?


Yea, those. Every few months I see one of those but with an even smaller middle on one of the photo subs like "my mom planted a store bought lemon and finally got fruit but wtf is this" etc. Like one of em basically didnt even have a center lol just white.


Sounds like people are using pictures of fruit with a false title for karma farming. I remember seeing [Buddha's hand citron](http://specialtyproduce.com/sppics/2036.png) similarly crop up fairly often. These are just varieties grown more for their rind and oils than their juice and pulp.


I don't even know what that tastes like but I want to make a limoncello with it so bad. I don't even know if it'd be good but who wouldn't try a buddhacello?


>I read yesterday that the chance of getting an apple worth eating from seed is 1/10,000 That sounds about right. Almost all the apples we have these days came from those rare "chance seedlings" that had desirable qualities and were grafted like this to grow more.


Minnesota Public Radio had and interview just yesterday with a guy from the U of M since we're getting into apple season now. According to him the honeycrisp variety took about 30 years to develop and most commercially viable candidates can take 20-30 years before they are ready for agricultural production.


Yup. You can attempt to create hybrids, but even if you're doing it in a very controlled manner using a specific pollenisor and specific recipient tree there's no guarantee that you'll get the outcome you want. You just have to plant hundreds of the resulting seeds and then wait a few years for the hybrid seedlings to start producing apples. If you're lucky you get one that has the traits you're looking for. If not, you rip them all out of the ground and try again. Given the low change of hitting the jackpot on a hybrid seedling combined with the 3-5 years until you know the results, it's not the least bit surprising that it took 30 years to dial in the Honeycrisp. Speaking of which, Honeycrisp is hands down the best "eating apple", and I'll fight anyone who says otherwise.


Pink Lady > all


Add me to the Pink Lady club.


Washington State University took your honeycrisp and made it better. Keep an eye out for Cosmic Crisps.


They’re doing good stuff up there in Pullman. Excellent canned cheese I heard


Honey crisp is the best one I can reliably get, but cosmic crisp is better imo I just can't always find them. They taste like a honey crisp, but slightly less sugary and they are smaller. Some honey crisps are like a whole ass meal.


I wonder how many varieties were accidents. Like, trying to find a sweet variety, and one of your test seedlings produces a super tart variety that's really hardy-growing and great for cider. So a miss, but one that you can use elsewhere.


I agreed with you about honeycrisp apples until I had a snowsweet apple from a local guy's orchard. Now honeycrisp are my #2 and I wait impatiently every year for snowsweet time.


Cosmic crisp is another ridiculous apple that isn't always available but you can get it at a grocery store


1/10000? I've had enough random crab apples that tasted fine to know this ain't right. Maybe 1/10000 are worth mass producing but you gotta show more appreciation for the humble crab apple


That seems low. We have so many wild apple trees where I live and I think it's much closer to 1/5 are worth eating from


Well shit, now what do I do with all these children I've harvested?


Graft them into each other.






Learnt more from you guys than in biology class Thankyou


It's okay, you'll have forgotten everything tomorrow, like with what you learn in class.


Was going to say that but I forgot too.


Say what about what now?


The only thing I remember from math class is my teacher yelling at their students that they wont be walking around with a calculator in the pocket, all the time.


Yeah a lot of what teachers said aged poorly.


To be fair, that's not the whole story. Most plants are relatively genetically stable, so if you harvest tomato or carrot seeds and replant them you'll get the same variety of tomatoes and carrots year after year. You'll get genetic drift eventually, but it'll take many generations. Those plants are like humans, where their will be a little variation in each generation, but for the most part it takes a long time for genetic drift to happen and produce notable differences. On the other hand, fruit trees are like dogs. If left to "breed" free of human intervention the resulting trees will quickly become mutts, just like wild dogs. In order to grow more "purebred apples" you need to graft them for consistency, similar to how maintaining a breed of purebred dog requires "grafting" dogs from the same breed.


So how does this work, are they grafting branches from good fruit trees onto the trunks of bad fruit trees?


>So how does this work, are they grafting branches from good fruit trees onto the trunks of bad fruit trees? That was the traditional method, but now days there's an entire sub-industry of companies that grow "root stock" specifically for grafting. The root stock is basically a tiny 12-24" stump with a big healthy root ball, and after planting you graft a single branch of your desired apple onto it. After that it grows like any other tree, and after a few years you have a full size tree with all the branches producing the same apple. They grow dozens of different types of root stock in order to control almost everything about the resulting trees. If you check out the link you'll see that they can control the height of the trees, drought tolerance, soil composition, etc. Orchard owners just have to pick the stock that best matches their specific growing conditions. https://www.orangepippintrees.com/articles/fruit-tree-advice/rootstocks-for-apple-trees


Really interesting. Thanks for the detailed reply.


You're welcome! I went down this rabbit hole years ago when I was working with some Cider makers / orchard owners, and it's always fun to share fascinating little tidbits about something that most people never knew existed.


You know, most people don't know the difference between apple cider and apple juice, but I do. Now here's a little trick to help you remember. If it's clear and yella', you've got juice there, fella. If it's tangy and brown, you're in cider town.


Probably a good place to mention that this is one of the reasons you should always trim the shoots that grow from the base of the tree. Fruit that grows from them will be based on the root stock, not the graft.


using Oranges as an example, the root stock of the sour orange tree is more hardy and grows better. So in order to have a decent orange tree, you want to splice a cutting from a tree thats has good fruit, to decent root stock.


So that's how dogs are made. How barbaric.


Yup, you cut the leg off of daddy dog and attach it to mommy dog. Then mommy dog gets pregernate with babby dogs of the same breed.


> If your dad was the perfect apple you’d have to clone to get more, rather than harvest his children This reads like the Stephen King elevator pitch for an adaptation of [*Johnny Appleseed*](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johnny_Appleseed).


I'm no geneticist, so I can't give you the technical reason, but I worked with an orchard owner for a while and learned a lot about the history of apples and thought some folks might find this interesting. Apple trees cross pollinate very easily, so if you plant 2 different types of apples near one another the resulting fruit will have genetic code from each, and those seeds will end up being hybrids. Scale that up over the course of a few thousand years of human expansion and people bringing seeds with them to their new homes, and the result is that the vast majority of wild apples trees are "mutts." In the mid 1800's, people began to realize that certain fruit was best for certain uses, and interest in maintaining specific varieties started growing. Cider making was a big early driver of this because they realized that in order to balance the flavors in their cider they needed to cultivate fruit with the right levels of sugar, acid, and tannins. Finding a single tree with fruit that could be used on its own was rare (although some heirlooms like Kingston Black make good single varietal cider), so they started identifying trees with desirable traits and then blending the juice from 2 or more varieties to get the results they wanted. In order to grow more trees with consistent fruit they grafted branches onto root stock (basically stumps) of other trees, and then grafted those branches into other trees until eventually they had a whole orchard filled with specific varieties. Oh, and since apples for baking have different requirements (mainly higher sugar content) people also started seeking out and cultivating those as well, which is what led to varieties like Granny Smith and Red Delicious. Long story short, pretty much every variety of apple you find in the store is the offspring of one specific tree that has been grafted and cultivated over many, many decades. Citrus fruit is prone to this as well. Oranges, lines, lemons, and grapefruit are all pretty much identical on a genetic level, and if you have 2 different types near each other the fruit will become some crazy combo of the 2. This can be used to our advantage in order to create fun new fruits like tangelos, but in order to grow "pure" grapefruit or whatever you need to take grafts from existing trees. The one big downside to this approach however is that single varietal heirloom orchards lack genetic diversity and can be wiped out quickly if struck by disease. The most common example of this is the Gros Michel banana, which went from being the most popular variety on earth to being almost completely wiped out by Panama disease over the course of a few years. Growers were forced to seek out bananas that were resistant to Panama disease, but most didn't have the qualities like thick skin and long shelf life that made Gros Michel so popular, so they had to cross breed until they "made" a new one. The resulting modern bananas that you get at the store are a hybrid of Cavandish that was cross bred with some of the last Gros Michel.


Citrus will not cross pollinate like this. I am a citrus scientist and we have greenhouses filled with every type of citrus you can think of in pots right next to each other, they never create a mutant hybrid fruit, that is done by breeding. I make some pretty cool fruit salad trees with multiple citrus one tree and they don’t do that either, even though they are grafted on the same rootstocks I shoot tip graft close to 100 new varieties a year here in a Florida.


Growing something from a seed is sexual reproduction where the offspring inherit genes from both parents. Once there is an interesting variation that a grower wants to maintain, they have to reproduce that through cloning - otherwise you introduce more variation, and might lose that thing you especially like. Sexual reproduction in fruit offers opportunities for fruit that is better in some way or plants that have some advantage, and there are hybridizers who are fascinated and motivated to carry on this kind of research. But most growers are interested in fruit production, not looking for new varieties.


I'm curious, does attaching the new branch ever create issues? Can the tree reject the new branch like how a human body can reject an organ transplant? Does the new branch "mix" with the new tree and take traits from both the original and new tree, affecting the fruit in the process?


Sure - not all grafts “take”, which is why there is a bit of technique and the person grafting in the video is showing how they do it. There are a variety of ways, some simpler than this, some more complex. Grafts can introduce disease in some cases, but it’s actually because bacteria or insects entered through the wound. People are careful not to graft material that carries disease. If the graft and rootstock are not compatible, the graft will not take. It’s interesting that [different species](https://homeguides.sfgate.com/compatible-fruit-tree-grafting-62200.html) can be compatible in plants.


I remember seeing ads for a “magical” fruit tree with all kinds of stone fruit on on tree… maybe peaches, plums, cherries, apricots. I assume it was created using grafting.


I have a 4 in 1 apple tree like this (but bigger): https://www.pacificgroves.com/multi-grafted-fruit-trees


Sam Van Aken may be the most famous of these practitioners: https://www.cnn.com/2015/08/03/living/tree-40-fruit-sam-van-aken-feat/index.html#:\~:text=Sam%20Van%20Aken-,Stone%20fruits%20are%20fruits%20with%20pits.,%2C%20cherries%2C%20nectarines%20and%20almonds.&text=Sam%20Van%20Aken-,Sam%20Van%20Aken%20created%20the%20Tree%20of%2040%20Fruit%20by,producing%20multiple%20types%20of%20fruit.


Which is why bananas are such a huge problem. They're all genetic clones so they're all susceptible to the same diseases. The banana everyone ate up until the 1950s was the Gros Michel which was almost wiped out by a disease. The banana we see now is the Cavendish which is starting to become susceptible as well.


Now days the bananas we buy are a hybrid of cavandish and Gros Michel. Each was susceptible to different diseases, but the hybrid isn't affected.


I believe this is also done with potatoes. When you are using the potato to grow a new plant, you are actually cloning it. Potato plants produce a fruit that contains the true seed but you can keep the potato the same by cloning the plant.


Its also worth adding we graft sometimes because we have found one variety of a plant that has amazing roots and can survive all kinds of bad weather, and another variety that has an amazing above ground part but is weedy and dies easily. if we graft the plant we want above ground onto the plant we want below ground we get a better plant than we would have got with either of them alone.


Another good example is Arabica coffee bean vs Robusta coffee bean. Arabica tends to taste better but isn't as hardy as the Robusta so they just graft Arabica stems onto Robusta roots.


Can you graft Usain Bolt’s feet onto my legs?


I've heard of this before! https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_French_Wine_Blight


This is also done to control the size of the plant. Graft a navel orange tree to a dwarf rootstock and you get full size oranges growing from a 6ft tree (instead of 15-20ft tall) Source: I have a dwarf navel orange tree on my patio


Today I leaned McIntosh is an Apple and not just Steve jobs


It can also be used to make one tree with multiple different fruits coming out. I.E. there’s a tree at a cemetery near my house that’s half crabapple and half regular Apple. When it blooms it’s half pink and half white. You could also do a cherry-plum or a peach-apricot as they are in the same family but you could not do a peach-apple you could do an apple-pear.


TIL Mcintosh is an apple variety. I guess that’s where Apple got the name for their computers from?


There are some varieties of fruit trees that are really hard to grow, but are more desirable (larger fruit, better flavor, etc). There are other varieties that are easy to grow but don't have great fruit. Grafting lets you attach the desirable variety onto the less desirable one, so that you get the growing benefits of the one and the fruit benefits of the other


So you can graft a branch from an apple tree onto another fruit tree, and that branch will produce apples? Could you have a single tree produce several different kinds of fruit?


Several different kinds of apple on a hardy apple stock? Certainly. Could you graft many different citrus trees onto a citrus stock? Certainly. Could you graft an apple onto a citrus, or vice versa? No. They have to be at least remotely similar. I've heard of nectarines on peaches and plums, for instance...


Nectarines and peaches are the same species, the only difference is the fuzzy skin gene.


Yes, you can have a single tree with many kinds of fruit like the one in this link. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/a-tree-grows-40-different-types-of-fruit-180953868/


Also for grape vines, grafting is used because you want a specific grape “varietal” (merlot, etc) but you also want to use a native root stock because it has resistance to local root disease and/or is more adapted to the local soil.


Because it can provide variety. I have an apple tree that produces four different kinds of apples.


You’re free can also pollinate itself, meaning people who don’t want 2 trees can still grow apples.




[Pomato](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pomato). Also, ["tomacco"](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Products_produced_from_The_Simpsons) is kind of real.


Also they graft other fruit together I have a stone fruit tree that has nectarine, plum and peach. Always wondered how they did this thanks OP


Whip and tongue technique, eh? Please DO go on!


*kink intensifies*


Grabs gimp suit


No safe word this time.


Oh Shi-


Grafting? Yeah, I’m into *”grafting”* 😏


When I was around 10 or 11 years old, I accidentally broke a limb off of my dad's beloved apple tree sapling that he had so clearly told me to stay away from. I knew that grafting was a thing, but I didn't know how it worked, so in an effort to graft the limb back on the tree, I taped it back just as it was. Used lots of tape. If only I could have seen this back then, maybe I'd've had a chance at actually saving it. Luckily, my dad saw the effort I had put into it and forgave me.


I was prepared for this to be a George Washington moment.


Oh definitely not, I really thought no one would notice the bent limb with a giant cast of tape that occasionally fell off the tree in the front yard. I wasn't ready to admit anything.


I forgave him alright, so much wasted tape was sacrificed to save that tree limb that it broke my heart to take out the jumper cables and beat him into forgiveness. He never touched another apple sapling since.


This person cuts that shit up with a knife and it grows, I carefully repot and my plants die. Fml


My mum accidentally stepped on the baby lemon tree she gave me the week before… snapped the fucker in half. She just sticky taped it back together and it’s *still alive*.


Plants have evolved for eons to put themselves back together after being stepped on. I don't think they have much experience with being completely de-rooted and placed into a brand new medium. I could see that being a big reason behind that phenomenon.


My chickens getting loose in the yard uproot some plants. Some really strong ones just push roots down into the moist fertile beds and just keep growing. Plants are some crazy tickets


[Mother natures is crazy.](https://i.redd.it/96zyrfg4zu3z.jpg) this is technically a picture of a tree with four branches as large as other trees around it. It fell over and just continued to grow. By growing roots out the "bottom" and huuuuge thick "branches" out the "top"


Natural horizontal bonsai technique


I've got a Japanese maple in my front yard that for 6 years didn't grow one bit,I thought it was a dwarf tree or something. Until I ran it over with my truck, after the incident it started growing like crazy.


Must have woke it up.


My mother fucking hates the acorn tree in our front yard. Every fall, we have to sweep a mountain of acorns off our driveway just to make the morning drive out not feel like we have gravel for a driveway. So one day, she rented a flatbed truck and a chainsaw and went to town on the tree. Cut it down until it was literally a vertical wooden pole about 15 feet tall. No branches, no leaves. Just a single maybe 5 inch diameter trunk. Fast forward 1 year and it's 20 feet tall, the trunk got about a inch wider in diameter and the leaves (and acorns) are all back and twice as much. Now that the dimeter is half a foot, that crosses some beaurocratic boundry with the city and in order for my mother to do the same thing as last year, she'll need to file a fuck ton of paperwork since aged trees have rights.


so what you're telling me is your mom won the battle but the tree won the war? what a chad tree and an unlucky mom!


Oak trees are pretty bad too. I cut down a 60' one in my backyard 8 years ago down to a 6" stump. I still have to cut down the branches every year. Resilient as fuck.


Isn't an acorn tree just called an oak?...


Your mom pruned a tree and got thee results that come out of pruning trees ;)


If repotting your plants causes them to die, then they were probably already dying before you repotted them.


Environment. Place it in a bit less light so it can recover. Then after a week or 2 throw it in trash because it's dead by then


Legend has it if you do this enough times, eventually the pizza tree will become true




Just as valuable


Have you bought Honeycrisps lately. Money would be less valuable.


I wanna see the result


Just envision a tree with different fruit on every branch.


Girl, are you a fruit tree grafting technique? Because you're ensuring contact of my vascular cambium layers


Girl have you ever heard of the whip and tongue technique?


The Rokakaka!


Mamezuku at it again


Joj refence


But the cambium didn't even match!?


That’s what I read the last ten times this was posted, but that karma ain’t gonna make itself.


Rip to those ants on the bark that got yeeted


Don't worry he's going to graft other insects together with those ants to combine their most desirable traits.


Oooh then he can make something super long with tons of legs that has a painful bite. We could call it a centipede!


I thought the same thing LOL


Was the shank made in prison?


Thank you, that knife(?) Is way more interesting imo


Grafting is one of those things that I would not believe would work if I didn't see it.


wait til you see what we can do with *human* limbs! and organs.. and faces..


Is it possible to combined different fruit trees together with this technique?


Normally it’s used for the same type of fruit/genus. Apples are the most common. Costco and Home Depot sell grafted Apple tree with 4-6 varieties. Private gardeners have done up to 100 varieties of apples on a single tree. Plum and lilac are also used for grafts.


If you do plan on grafting, for the love of plants, sterilize your tools!


Real talk, what's going on with that knife? That thing is the most inefficient thing I've seen in a long time


R.i.p to those ants.


One minute you’re just minding your own damn business, hustlin, being an ant, next minute a sky god uproots the Earth from beneath you and hurls you away, like tears in rain.


F for the 3 ants that fell


How did people figure this out? It’s amazing what ancient humans could do. I would never think to cut a branch off of one tree and attach it to another. Seems like there’s no way this could work. And by today we’re attaching limbs and organs to other humans it’s pretty incredible.


Will it root? Because that's what I've never grasped about grafting. I have some fruit trees that were grafted, but how does a cut off branch that's been grafted turn into a tree? Does it grow roots while grafted? I've only ever seen this process shown in the video happen. Just the process of putting it on a tree. And once I saw a post-pic of the grafted branch with some leaves on it to show it was succesful. But how does it become a full on tree in and of itself?


The Cambium is not touching on either side, there is no way for this to amount to anything other than a dead stick stuck to an open wound on the tree.


The cambium layer is that bright green area between the outer bark and sapwood, correct? It looks like the scion did match up to the root stock on the left side of the cut, did it not? The root stock was a pretty shallow cut, exposing a lot of the cambium layer, it looks like it did to me though